Customs Mutual Assistance Agreements

The European Union has also concluded partnership and cooperation agreements with a number of countries, including Russia and Ukraine, which cover customs cooperation and contain a mutual assistance protocol. The agreements also contain a chapter on mutual assistance in customs matters, which defines the circumstances under which customs authorities can exchange information on customs violations and cases of fraud. The rules must be strictly enforced. In addition, data protection rules must be enforced and the confidentiality of the information must be preserved. A CMAA will not only speed up customs clearance, reduce trade costs and uncertainties, but also strengthen the development of cross-border trade and, in addition, the signing of CMAA between the ROC and other countries will improve customs cooperation and improve the efficiency of customs enforcement in order to make a significant contribution to the convenience and security of cross-border trade. For The policy of the European Community, cooperation between customs authorities at the international level is an important instrument to strike a balance between the necessary liberalisation of trade and the growing international trade with the world`s major trading partners. This cooperation should help customs authorities to use new instruments or to increase the effectiveness of existing instruments to control trade flows and combat fraud and illegal activities. It is possible to maintain existing bilateral agreements as long as they are not at odds with the Community`s competences and customs cooperation and mutual assistance agreements. The provisions of this agreement prevail over the provisions of a bilateral agreement on customs cooperation and mutual assistance that have been concluded or can be taken between the Member States and the contracting party, provided that the provisions of this agreement are incompatible with those provided by those agreements. Since violations of customs law undermine the economic, fiscal, social and cultural interests of the commercial, industrial and commercial interests of their respective countries and undermine the legitimate interests of trade, industry and trade within their respective countries, the agreements are part of the European Community`s customs cooperation strategy with third countries.

They focus on strengthening cooperation between customs authorities for international cooperation between customs, with a view to improving the control of trade flows and improving existing legislation and regulations by exchanging information on customs aspects, such as export and import reporting data, operator information , origin and evaluation information. Such an exchange of data is now a key element of the WTO ACCORD and Article 12 TIF deals with all the elements necessary for such an exchange of information, such as the need for the requesting country to re-examine its request, protect the data exchanged and guarantee the confidentiality of the data, and ensure that this exchange of data is based on the principle of reciprocity. The WTO TFA also refers to bilateral and regional mutual assistance agreements, which remain the main instrument for governments and customs administrations to establish such cooperation.

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