Salt Agreement 1972

[1] Salt I resulted in the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and an interim agreement between the two countries. Although salt II reached an agreement in 1979, the United States Senate decided not to ratify the treaty in response to the Soviet war in Afghanistan, which took place later that year. The Soviet legislature did not ratify it either. The agreement expired on 31 December 1985 and has not been renewed. SALT I, the first series of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, lasted from November 1969 to May 1972. During this period, the United States and the Soviet Union entered into the first agreements to impose limits and restrictions on some of their core and essential weapons. In a treaty on limiting ballistic missile defense systems, they put an end to an emerging competition in defense systems, which threatened to push offensive competition to even higher levels. In an interim agreement on certain measures relating to the limitation of strategic offensive weapons, the two nations took the first steps to control the rivalry of their most powerful land-based and submarine nuclear weapons. It was the first agreement between the United States and the USSR to set limits and restrictions on their nuclear weapons systems. The agreement allowed the parties to withdraw from the agreement with a period of six months in advance when they decide that exceptional events related to the subject matter of the agreement have jeopardized their highest interests. When the United States proposed in 1966 and 1967 that both sides renounce the deployment of defense weapons (ABM), the Soviet Union proposed to include strategic offensive weapons in the debate over strategic defense weapons. This proposal was accepted by the United States, and on July 1, 1968, upon the signing of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), President Johnson announced that the United States and the USSR had reached an agreement on the negotiation of restrictions and reductions in both strategic and defense offensive systems. Johnson`s successor, Richard Nixon, also believed in SALT, and on November 17, 1969, official salt talks began in Helsinki, Finland.

Over the next two and a half years, the two sides debated whether or not each nation should finalize its plans for ABMs; review of a contract; ==. .

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